In contrast, in criminal proceedings, the severity of the offense and criminal history weigh most heavily in sentencing outcome.
Their options include house arrest, curfew, counseling, or treatment in residential programs in addition to juvenile facilities which are similar to jails or prisons. Someone who is in their 40s is going to have a very different life perspective than someone who is 16 years old.
It creates a lifetime of negative impacts for the child because they have multiple obstacles in their way to create the change that is necessary — assuming that they are not serving multiple decades in prison for their crime in the first place.
The economic burden of court costs, legal fees, restitution, and visitation can have long-term consequences for everyone involved. Statistics compiled from 15 states revealed that juveniles prosecuted in adult court and released from state prisons were rearrested 82 percent of the time, while their adult counterparts were rearrested 16 percent less.
It reduces the number of options that are available for sentencing. There are three typical ways that a case can be transferred from juvenile court jurisdiction to adult court: judicial waiver laws, prosecutorial discretion or concurrent jurisdiction laws, and statutory exclusion laws.
There is also a higher level of susceptibility to negative peer pressure in youth.