The theories on the possible causes for childhood aggression

Figure 9.

causes of human aggression

And aggression reminds us of the possibility of being aggressive in response to our frustrations. Moreover, it is difficult to scientifically test the claims of psychodynamic approach, whereas the cognitive approach makes its claims on empirical evidence and extensive research.

Environmental causes of aggression

And you would be right—we are much more likely to aggress when we are experiencing negative emotions. Daly, M. The fraternities with the lowest average testosterone levels, on the other hand, were more well-behaved, friendly, academically successful, and socially responsible. The neurotransmitter serotonin helps us inhibit aggression. One field study on street culture shows how behavior is influenced by a "code" or schema that forms a set of informal rules for public behavior and encourages the use of violence to respond, if challenged. Hormones Influence Aggression: Testosterone and Serotonin Hormones are also important in creating aggression. A multilevel analysis. The participants in the study had been selected, on the basis of prior reporting, to have either politically liberal or politically conservative views. The Bobo doll experiment itself is controversial, one criticism being that the children who acted aggressively in the experiment tended to be those rated as aggressive anyway, implying that factors such as emotions and personality are ignored by this approach. Litrownik et al. Archer, D. Berkowitz, However, Anderson and Bushman have created a comprehensive general aggression model GAM which integrates social learning theory and neo association along with biological data on arousal. Then the participants completed a competitive task with what they thought was another person in another room.

Speak with your doctor to learn how to identify and treat the underlying causes of your aggressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 17 192— For instance, if somebody is being physically threatened by someone else, it makes sense that the individual would respond aggressively.

The theories on the possible causes for childhood aggression

The amygdala is activated in response to positive outcomes but also to negative ones, and particularly to stimuli that we see as threatening and fear arousing. Marcus-Newhall, A. Freud believed that all humans possess two basic drives from birth that contribute to their personality development and behavior: the drive for aggression thanatos and the drive for pleasure eros. Archer, D. It has also been criticized for being too focused on rational and cognitive aspects of behavior; e. Alcohol and aggression: A meta-analysis on the moderating effects of inhibitory cues, triggering events, and self-focused attention. Thus, in order to fully understand the complicated nature of aggression, further research is required into both factors before drawing any final conclusion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74 3 , — Data are from Berman et al. Social Behavior and Personality, 23 3 , — Timothy J. Source The Psychoanalytic Approach to Aggression Psychoanalysis, the most well-known theory in a psychodynamic approach, was founded by Sigmund Freud. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 8 3 , — Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78 4 , — Social Psychology Quarterly, 55 1 , 70—

The amygdala plays an important role in monitoring fearful situations and creating aggressive responses to them. In one study, individuals who were shown pictures of guns were more willing to punish another person than those shown neutral objects.

They emphasize mental processes such as perception and thoughts, along with the role of learning and situation, in understanding aggressive behavior. It seems that feeling good about ourselves, or feeling good about others, is incompatible with anger and aggression.

causes of aggression in psychology

Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 10 123— Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31 2— The fraternities with the lowest average testosterone levels, on the other hand, were more well-behaved, friendly, academically successful, and socially responsible.

Executive functioning occurs in the prefrontal cortex, which is the area that allows us to control aggression.

biological causes of aggression
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Aggressive Behavior