Major ethnic groups j k

Budhism does not recognise any caste or racial distinction, but some differentiation is made on the basis of social and occupational considerations.

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There is controversy among the social anthropologists about their origin. The Gujjars and Bakarwals have no written language and no history beyond word-of-mouth tales and traditions. There is not unanimity of opinion amongst the scholars about their arrival in the valley of Kashmir. Dancers from Kargil. Responsibility for the attack was claimed by a Pakistan-backed millitant group. They do not use any type of toxic drinks as taking liquor is prohibited in Islam. Some of the Hanjis claim themselves as the descendents of Prophet Noah. Paddy, orchards, saffron are the main crops grown by them while the urban Kashmiris are engaged in business, tourism, hotel-management, carpet making, silk industry, shawl-making, wood work, pieper-mache and several other handicrafts. The influence of Dards, Ladakhis and Punjabis has also moulded the ethos of Kashmiri culture. Budhism does not recognise any caste or racial distinction, but some differentiation is made on the basis of social and occupational considerations. Having their place of origin as Georgia and moving towards the Sub- continent of India they named several settlements after their name, e. This opinion is also endorsed by Ray who states that the Dardic Aryans parted from the main Aryan mass just after their enterence into India. Their income varies from month to month and season to season. Where the husband wife profess different faiths, the male child is regarded as a member of the community to which the father belongs while the female child is admitted to the religion of her mother.

An ethnic group provides not only group identity, but also friendship, marriage patterns, business success, and the political power base. There is not unanimity of opinion amongst the scholars about their arrival in the valley of Kashmir. Although they live on products of their flocks yet some of them cultivate little maize on the slopes in the narrow valleys with spade and hoe.

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Kashmiri Muslim women at work in a village of Kashmir. Ladakhis are a mixture of Mongoloid and Aryan races. Over this a loose woollen tunic called a pheran is worn. Responsibility for the attack was claimed by a Pakistan-backed millitant group. The diffusion and spread of Gujjars in the State of Jammu and Kashmir is not known with certainty. In the Sub-continent making a southward march through Baluchistan- they reached Gujrat. The influence of Sanskrit on Kashmiri language is strong and cogent to this day. They are seldom angry and soon ready to become friends. Since , Malik has renounced the use of violence and calls for strictly peaceful methods to resolve the dispute. They are known for their ferocity. Ladakhis Ladakhis have been named as the people of snow-living in an arid plateau, surrounded by mountains, where cultivation of crops is hampered by severe cold and non- availability of water for irrigation. Before embracing Islam, they were the followers of Budhism and Hinduism. The low sex ratio shows that the males are better cared and well fed than females. Kashmiris Kashmiris are well spread in various parts of the State but their major concentration lies in the Valley of Kashmir, Kishtwar, Bhadarwah, Doda and Ramban tehsils of the Jammu Division.

The sex-ratio of Hanjis is about as against the national level and the state average. India's belated discovery of this road led to border clashes between the two countries that culminated in the Sino-Indian war of October On the basis of occupation and social status Hanjis are divisible into: i Demb- Hanz vegetable growersii Gari-Hanz water-nuts gatherersiii Gad-Hanz fishermeniv Mata-Hanz who deal in woodv Dunga-Hanz owners of passenger boatsvi Haka-Hanz collectors of wood from water bodiesvii Bahatchi-Hanz who live in Bahatch boatsviii Shikara-Hanz who ply Shikara boatsand ix House- boat Hanz.

The group argues that the law, which allows security forces to detain individuals for up to two years without presenting charges violates prisoners' human rights.

Jammu kashmir and ladakh

Most of the Kashmiris live in villages and are dependent on agriculture. Cunningham is however, of the opinion that the Gujjars are the descendent of Kusham and Yachi Tribes which are considered to be the tribes of Eastern Tartars U. Paddy, orchards, saffron are the main crops grown by them while the urban Kashmiris are engaged in business, tourism, hotel-management, carpet making, silk industry, shawl-making, wood work, pieper-mache and several other handicrafts. Saroinsar and Mansar. Ladakhis Ladakhis have been named as the people of snow-living in an arid plateau, surrounded by mountains, where cultivation of crops is hampered by severe cold and non- availability of water for irrigation. In one of the walls there is a small hole which is the only outlet for all types of bad gasses and smoke. Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan. There is a close bearing of the Indo-Aryans on the racials composition of the Kashmiris. Dards are dependent on agriculture, pastoralism, cottage industries and trade. Each social group is the keeper of distinctive cultural traditions and the nucleus of various kinds of social interactions. The present day population of Ladakh is the result of blending together of Dards and the Mongolians. Hanjis, a peculiar ethnic group attached to water in general is not developing at the desired rate.

The shelter though unhygienic protects them and their cattle from severe colds of December, January and February. The type of boat which a Hanji owns and uses for earning his livelihood or the product he deals with to a great extent, denotes his class and social status.

The alien races, ethnic groups and various religions have influenced the cultural ethos and mode of life of the people of this region. The population of Ladakhis is not increasing steadily, probably owing to the prevalence of polyandry and partly on account of climatic and economic conditions which have been operating against the development of population and its increase in number.

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Some of the Hanjis claim themselves as the descendents of Prophet Noah.

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Geography of Jammu and Kashmir State