Oftentimes, concentrating on improving one aspect leads to the deterioration of the other. In a simple reaction time task, both young aged 20—25 years and aging aged 52—63 years subjects considered that their performance had deteriorated after 24 h SD, although performance was actually impaired only in young subjects Philip et al Other cognitive functions Sleep deprivation impairs visuomotor performance, which is measured with tasks of digit symbol substitution, letter cancellation, trail-making or maze tracing Table 1.
By integrating the four perspectives, the BSC is expected to help managers understand cross-functional relationships that can ultimately lead to improved problem solving and decision making Kaplan and Norton Hindsight bias: an impediment to accurate probability estimation in clinicopathologic conferences.
Any cue has the potential to cause distortion. Although the prefrontal cortex vulnerability hypothesis has received wide support in the field of SD research, other brain areas are also involved.
Temporal memory for faces recall deteriorated during 36 h of SD, although in the same study, face recognition remained intact Harrison and Horne Monk and Carrier repeated the cognitive test every 2 h and found deterioration after as little as 16 h of SD. Loftus EF. Finally, participants provided demographic information and answered questions regarding case comprehension, task difficulty, and realism.