Dealer inventories and the presence of many suppliers in the market make it possible, albeit less convenient, to acquire drugs even when import, wholesale, or retail markets have been temporarily disrupted.
Research should also take adequate account of the balance of motivations and restraints on drug use, including both external restraints from threatened legal sanctions and internal restraints reflecting social and moral inhibitions.
Analyses of prison commitments show similar trends. The total cost of illicit drugs includes both their dollar price and the nonmonetary costs of acquiring them e.
Existing research simply does not include enough direct measurement of prescribing patterns and patient outcomes to give a definitive picture of the risks or benefits of government-issued prescription programs.
Some studies have found no evidence that cocaine consumption responds to enforcement-induced price increases Dinardo, CSA controls the production and distribution of scheduled drugs by, among other things, requiring manufacturers and distributors to maintain records of their production and transportation, limiting refills of prescriptions, placing production quotas limits on such drugs, and requiring the use of special order forms to transfer these drugs to the retail level.
This model would encompass a broad range of elements relating to the perceived costs and benefits of drug use. These elements include: personal costs e. Sharp increases in drug arrests, both for possession and selling and escalated sentences, including mandatory minimum terms, have created dramatic changes in the composition of defendant and prison populations.