An analysis of the field of physical therapy

It includes the two last periods one important motor theme, called as this thematic area.

Physical therapy assessment form

This theme is related to anatomical body parts involved in gait, walking aids, biomechanics, and gait disorders. On the other hand, other thematic areas are important in terms of research interest. Final selection of experts was done by selecting those nominees who received the most nominations based on the criteria and who were geographically located in a region close to the investigator. The thematic area Diagnosis at the beginning is more focused on diagnosis aspects, but they become less frequent in recent publications. For instance, the clinic logo shown in the Figure reflects the widely held assumption that disability is undesirable and incommensurable with a good life. A theoretical model of expert practice in physical therapy was developed that included 4 dimensions: 1 a dynamic, multidimensional knowledge base that is patient-centered and evolves through therapist reflection, 2 a clinical reasoning process that is embedded in a collaborative, problem-solving venture with the patient, 3 a central focus on movement assessment linked to patient function, and 4 consistent virtues seen in caring and commitment to patients. Note, for instance, how the individual begins in a wheelchair but finishes the journey in an athletic sprint. In their comparative study of 11 expert therapists and 8 nonexperts, Rivett and Higgs 16 found that all therapists working in manual therapy generated hypotheses consistent with the use of hypothetico-deductive reasoning process. As conclusion, the research for adolescents, older adults, and for upper and lower extremity were considered as important for the future. The first step is to identify the specific aspect of day-to-day practice that one wants to analyze. On the other hand, the isolated theme Exercise Test is related to different form of evaluation during exercise [e. In grounded theory, the researcher does not begin by speculating about the theory but rather proceeds primarily through an inductive process to study the human experience and, from that, extrapolates theory.

This theme has less importance in Physical Therapy research, but seems to be a clear research line related to exercise and cardiovascular aspects.

These patterns play out in day-to-day actions that reflect these commonly held norms.

Physical therapy diagnostic tests

As such, this aspect of physical therapy reflects and reinforces ableism. The thematic area Central Nervous System starts from a motor theme that names it and it develops into other motor themes that are in relation to this wide theme. Thematic evolution of Physiotherapy — This implies that being older is linked with a less desirable level of function and that the ideal level of function is the terrain of people in their youth. The third theme worthy to mention, Muscle Function, is focused on biomechanical and physiological aspects of muscle activity Bandy et al. Heart Rate and Exercise is composed of motor themes in first two periods, but in the last period, it develops into an isolated theme. The first step is to identify the specific aspect of day-to-day practice that one wants to analyze. There are also three remarkable themes, the basic or transversal themes Diagnosis and Low Back Pain, and the motor theme Quadriceps Femoris Muscle; they present high impact values with half of the documents that Middle Aged or Education. These journals were selected because they are those with a higher number of years indexed in WoS Rehabilitation category and focused on the general knowledge domain, covering the professional development of this discipline and with a higher number of documents.

In addition, they postulated that problem-solving expertise was case specific and highly dependent on the clinician's mastery of a particular content domain. Also note how the individual in the less desirable state appears to be older, whereas the individual in the ideal state appears to be younger.

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Coronado et al. The theme Follow Up is related to research documents based on different health aspects that require time control [e.

Physical therapy assessment example

Otherwise, we can see how the Physical Therapy research field is becoming more specific in other thematic area as Heart Rate and Exercise. To achieve this insight, step 1 requires clarification and specificity regarding the aspect of physical therapist practice that is being analyzed. It has more than double of citations respect to theme Gait, ranked second in number of citations and h-index. Nevertheless, it is evident the current interest on educational aspects Lopes et al. The theme Animal has low-performance values, but it is the origin of a thematic area in Physical Therapy research focused on animal experimentation Gossman et al. The scientific community can now identify the interest focused, over time and trend, on the different thematic areas. Nine thematic areas have been identified in the Physical Therapy research field. In the visualization, columns correspond to the different subperiods established to divide the whole time span. Lastly, the thematic area Animal is formed by two isolated themes. Identify the Intended Purposes of This Aspect of Practice Step 2 asks about the point or purpose of this aspect of physical therapist practice.

Logo for an imaginary physical therapy clinic. However, it is not the intention that matters; what matters is the harm done.

An analysis of the field of physical therapy

Otherwise, the theme Heart has moderate performance values, but it is the beginning of a thematic area in the whole period. Period — According to the strategic diagrams Figure 4 and bibliometric indicators Table 2 , some observations should be remarked. The theme Quadriceps Femoris Muscle is focused on different knee injuries and thigh muscles aspects Winter et al. In addition, they postulated that problem-solving expertise was case specific and highly dependent on the clinician's mastery of a particular content domain. Step 1. Step 6. Research Design The basic research design for this study was a multiple case study design using a within- and cross-case analysis. The color-shadows group the themes that belong to the same thematic area. Some important publications could have been excluded.

Otherwise, the theme Evidence-Based Practice appears as a signal about this Physical Therapy approach to clinical practice. Taking into account the scientific literature, several bibliometric studies about the impact of the Physical Therapy research field can be highlighted.

The scientific community can now identify the interest focused, over time and trend, on the different thematic areas. Step 1. In grounded theory, the researcher does not begin by speculating about the theory but rather proceeds primarily through an inductive process to study the human experience and, from that, extrapolates theory.

Heart Rate and Exercise is composed of motor themes in first two periods, but in the last period, it develops into an isolated theme.

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Expert Practice in Physical Therapy